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Saudi Aramco Analysis: A Guide for Business Students

Saudi Aramco is one of the world’s largest oil and gas companies, headquartered in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Established in 1933 as the Arabian American Oil Company, Saudi Aramco has grown to become a global leader in energy, chemicals, and petroleum refining. With a significant influence on the world economy, it’s essential to understand the Saudi Aramco company’s analysis, position, and performance. This article aims to provide business students with a comprehensive analysis of Saudi Aramco.

Importance of Understanding Company Analysis

The analysis of a company is critical to understanding its financial and operational health. Investors, stakeholders, and business students need to analyze a company’s performance, market position, competition, and potential for growth. Company analysis helps to determine the value of a company, its growth prospects, and investment potential. Understanding Saudi Aramco’s analysis will provide business students with insights into the oil and gas industry, including market trends, competition, and emerging technologies.

Company Profile

Company History

 Saudi Aramco has a long and rich history, dating back to the discovery of oil in Saudi Arabia in the 1930s. In 1933, Saudi Aramco was formed as a partnership between Saudi Arabia and the United States. The company’s early focus was on exploration, production, and refining of oil and gas. Over the years, Saudi Aramco has expanded its operations to include petrochemicals, refining, and marketing of crude oil and natural gas.

Vision, Mission, and Core Values

 Saudi Aramco’s vision is to be the world’s leading integrated energy and chemicals company, driven by innovation and technology. The company’s mission is to provide reliable and sustainable energy, promote economic growth, and create value for its stakeholders. Saudi Aramco’s core values include integrity, excellence, teamwork, and respect for people and the environment.

Products and Services

Saudi Aramco’s products and services include crude oil, natural gas, petrochemicals, and refined petroleum products. The company is a major supplier of crude oil to the global market, with a production capacity of over 12 million barrels per day. Saudi Aramco also operates a vast network of refineries, producing a range of refined petroleum products, including gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. In addition, the company produces a range of petrochemicals used in various industries, including plastics, pharmaceuticals, and textiles.

Industry and Market Position

 Saudi Aramco operates in the oil and gas industry, one of the most critical sectors of the global economy. The industry is characterized by high capital investments, technological advancements, and geopolitical risks. Saudi Aramco’s market position is dominant, with significant reserves of crude oil and natural gas. The company’s upstream operations are supported by a vast network of refineries, petrochemical plants, and marketing and distribution channels. As a state-owned company, Saudi Aramco’s operations are subject to government policies and regulations.

Key Competitors

 Saudi Aramco faces competition from other global oil and gas companies, including ExxonMobil, Royal Dutch Shell, BP, and Chevron. These companies have significant reserves, production capacities, and global market presence. Saudi Aramco’s competitive advantage lies in its vast reserves of crude oil and natural gas, advanced technology, and low production costs.

SWOT Analysis on Saudi Aramco


  1. Vast reserves of crude oil and natural gas.
  2. A diversified portfolio of products and services, including petrochemicals, refining, and marketing.
  3. Technologically advanced and efficient operations.
  4. Strong financial performance and stability.
  5. Strong brand reputation and recognition globally.


  1. Dependence on oil and gas industry.
  2. Vulnerability to geopolitical risks and regulations.
  3. Limited diversification into renewable energy sources.
  4. Limited transparency in financial reporting.
  5. Limited involvement in downstream operations.


  1. Expansion into renewable energy sources and technology.
  2. Strategic partnerships and collaborations to enhance technological capabilities.
  3. Diversification into new markets and industries.
  4. Expansion of downstream operations, including petrochemicals and refining.
  5. Investment in research and development to improve efficiency and reduce environmental impact.


  1. Price volatility in the oil and gas industry.
  2. Competition from other global oil and gas companies.
  3. Regulatory changes and policies affecting the industry.
  4. The transition to renewable energy sources and technologies.
  5. Geopolitical risks and instability in the Middle East region.

Noteworthy research papers on Saudi Aramco

  1. Saudi Aramco: The Company and the State” by Steffen Hertog and Giacomo Luciani
  2. Strategic alliances in the global energy industry: The impact of culture and nationality” by Adel Al-Saleh and Simon Harris
  3. The role of technological innovation in the competitiveness of Saudi Arabia’s petrochemical industry” by Abdullah Al-Dakhil

Essay Titles on Saudi Aramco

  1. A critical analysis of the impact of global oil prices on Saudi Aramco’s financial performance.
  2. The impact of COVID-19 on the global oil and gas industry: A case study of Saudi Aramco.
  3. “The role of Saudi Aramco in the global energy market: A comprehensive analysis.”
  4. “Saudi Aramco’s journey towards diversification: Challenges and opportunities.”
  5. “Corporate social responsibility at Saudi Aramco: An evaluation of policies and practices.

Research Topics on Saudi Aramco

  1. The impact of Saudi Aramco’s IPO on the global energy market.
  2. The potential of Saudi Aramco’s renewable energy investments.
  3. The role of technology in enhancing Saudi Aramco’s operational efficiency.
  4. The impact of Saudi Aramco on the socio-economic development of Saudi Arabia.
  5. A comparative analysis of Saudi Aramco’s downstream operations with its global competitors.

Frequently Asked Questions on Saudi Aramco

  1. What is Saudi Aramco?

Saudi Aramco is a Saudi Arabian national petroleum and natural gas company. It is one of the largest oil and gas companies in the world, with vast reserves and a diversified portfolio of products and services.

  1. When was Saudi Aramco founded?

Saudi Aramco was originally founded in 1933 as the California Arabian Standard Oil Company (CASOC), and was later renamed to the Arabian American Oil Company (ARAMCO). In 1988, it was officially renamed Saudi Aramco.

  1. Who owns Saudi Aramco?

Saudi Aramco is majority-owned by the government of Saudi Arabia. In 2019, the company went public and sold a small percentage of its shares on the Saudi Arabian stock exchange.

  1. What is the mission of Saudi Aramco?

The mission of Saudi Aramco is to provide reliable and sustainable energy to meet the world’s growing demand, while also supporting the economic and social development of Saudi Arabia.

  1. What products and services does Saudi Aramco offer?

Saudi Aramco offers a range of products and services related to the exploration, production, refining, and marketing of crude oil and natural gas. It also has a significant presence in the petrochemical industry.

  1. What is the market position of Saudi Aramco?

Saudi Aramco is one of the largest oil and gas companies in the world, with a significant market share in both the upstream and downstream sectors of the industry. It is also a major player in the global petrochemical market.

  1. What is Saudi Aramco doing to address environmental concerns?

Saudi Aramco has committed to reducing its carbon footprint and increasing its investments in renewable energy sources. It has also implemented various initiatives to improve its environmental performance, such as reducing greenhouse gas emissions and investing in carbon capture technology.

  1. What is the future outlook for Saudi Aramco?

As the global demand for energy continues to grow, Saudi Aramco is well-positioned to continue its success as a leading oil and gas company. The company is also making significant investments in renewable energy and technology, which will help to diversify its portfolio and ensure long-term sustainability.


In conclusion, this comprehensive analysis of Saudi Aramco has provided an overview of the company’s history, vision, mission, core values, products and services, industry and market position, and key competitors. A SWOT analysis has been conducted to evaluate the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of the company. Noteworthy research papers, essay titles, and potential research topics have been provided for business students who are interested in exploring the company further. Additionally, some frequently asked questions about Saudi Aramco have been answered.

Studying a company like Saudi Aramco is important for business students because it provides real-world examples of the concepts and theories they learn in the classroom. By analyzing the company’s performance and strategies, students can gain valuable insights into the complexities of the global oil and gas industry. Furthermore, studying a company like Saudi Aramco can help students develop critical thinking, problem-solving, and analytical skills, which are essential for success in the business world.

Further Reading:

For those who are interested in learning more about Saudi Aramco, here are some recommended books, articles, or case studies:

  1. Saudi Aramco: The Company and the State” by Andrew G. Stork
  2. Inside the Kingdom: Kings, Clerics, Modernists, Terrorists, and the Struggle for Saudi Arabia” by Robert Lacey
  3. Aramco and Its World: Arabia and the Middle East” edited by Mohamed A. Ramady
  4. “The Oil Kings: How the U.S., Iran, and Saudi Arabia Changed the Balance of Power in the Middle East” by Andrew Scott Cooper
  5. Saudi Aramco 2030: Post IPO Challenges and Opportunities” by Dina Elshinnawy and Mohamed Moustafa Mahmoud.

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